Unfortunately, I have found no other information.
It is not long since guns were discharged from a window in this town at the successful candidates in an election, and the coachman of one of them was actually shot in the body, though not dangerously wounded. But one man was killed on the same occasion; and from the very window whence he received his death, the very flag which shielded his murderer not only in the commission of his crime, but from its consequenceswas displayed again on the occasion of the public ceremony performed by the Governor General, to which I have just adverted.
Of all the colours in the rainbow, there is but one which could be so employed: I need not say that flag was orange.
In the following years Arthur Hopper was elected the next Grand Master and given the power of granting warrants to subordinate Lodges under the Great Seal of the Grand Lodge of Ireland. The first such Lodge was granted to Robert Birch of Richmond. His father was the grand master of the Irish Orange Order.
Most early members were from Irelandbut later many ScotsEnglish Thesis printers dublin other Protestant Europeans joined the Order, Jews in addition to Amerindians, such as those in the Mohawk Orange Lodge which survives into the present day.
Fraternal organization[ edit ] The Order was the chief social institution in Upper Canadaorganizing many community and benevolent activities, and helping Protestant immigrants to settle. It remained a predominant political force in southern Ontario well into the twentieth century.
There were scores of socially prominent citizens Thesis printers dublin were granted honorary membership but did not actually participate in official lodge business. Surprisingly given its great prestige, although there were many members drawn from the upper and middle classes, lodge membership was predominantly drawn from the ranks of labourers, street railway workers, teamsters, and other elements of the working class.
Besides sentimental patriotic or imperialist motivations, many Orangemen joined because the benefits of mutual aid, security, and health supports made it easier to survive the difficulties of working class life. Middle class members, such as professionals, small-shop owners, and tavern-keepers, saw membership in terms of commercial gain through the steady attraction of lodge members as clientele.
The Grand Orange Lodge of British America Benefit Fund was established in to provide fraternal benefits to members and remains as a modern insurance system. Protestant ascendency and politics in Toronto[ edit ] The Grand Orange Lodge of British America was established in Toronto inand it expanded steadily so that there were over 20 lodges in31 inand 56 by At the turn of the century Toronto was nicknamed "The Belfast of Canada".
Above all, it meant the ability to exert pressure on magistrates and juries which gave Orangemen a degree of immunity from the law. Their means of securing ascendancy had been the Orange lodges which provided links between Irish Protestants of all classes.
This ascendancy often meant political power for Protestant gentlemen and a special status for Protestant peasants.
Between andthe Orange Order was involved in 29 riots in Toronto, of which 16 had direct political inspiration.
Toronto politics, especially on the municipal level, were almost wholly dominated by the Orange Order. The highly influential weekly newspaper, The Sentinel, promoted Protestant social and political views and was widely circulated throughout North America.
Furthermore, during the term of Commission of Government —the Orange Lodge was one of only a handful of "democratic" organizations that existed in the Dominion of Newfoundland.
The Orange Order was also a force in New Brunswicksuch that riots surrounding Orange marches occurred in the s a period of Irish mass immigration in New Brunswick.
The height of conflict was a riot in Saint John, New Brunswick on July 12,in which at least 12 people died. The violence subsided as Irish immigration declined,  though even in3 were killed in Harbour Grace in the "usual" "collision" "between Orangemen and Roman Catholics".
The development of the welfare state made its fraternal society functions less important.
A more important cause of the decline was the secularization of Canadian society: They were involved in resisting the Fenians at the Battle of Ridgeway in An obelisk there marks the spot where Orangemen died in defending the colony against an attack by members of Clan na Gael commonly known as Fenians.
Orangemen in western Canada helped suppress the rebellions of Louis Riel in and The murder of abducted Orangeman Thomas Scott was a turning point in the Red River Rebellion which caused the Dominion government to launch the Red River Expedition to restore order.
Inthe Orange Association of Manitoba volunteered a regiment to fight with the Ulster Volunteers against British forces if Home Rule were to be introduced to Ireland.By Derek Rodriguez This essay reports on a project which evaluated the Understanding Library Impacts (ULI) protocol, a suite of instruments for detecting and communicating library impact on student leslutinsduphoenix.com project was a dissertation study conducted with undergraduates enrolled in upper-level and capstone history classes at six U.S.
. Director of Graduate Enrollment and Student Services. [email protected] About ILR. A history of ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology Part 2. Real-time, the real revolution.
The innovation which had soon completely changed the practice of ultrasound scanning was the advent of the Real-time leslutinsduphoenix.com first real-time scanner, better known as fast B-scanners at that time, was developed by Walter Krause and Richard Soldner (with J Paetzold and and Otto Kresse) and.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. A soundtrack of pop via a love affair with Dublin; flashy fashion; colourful nails & and more than a dash of kitsch.
Until the fire of , the two Houses of Parliament (Lords and Commons) met in the medieval Palace of Westminster, a group of buildings that stood on the same site as the present Houses of leslutinsduphoenix.com the 14th century to the Lords sat in the White Chamber.
In the Lords moved into the building of the Court of Requests.