In the United States, the use of the bombs was widely praised by a public tired of war and high casualties. America heaved a huge sigh of relief that the blasts ended the need to shift hundreds of thousands of troops who had survived Europe to fight yet another bloody war on Japanese soil. In the decades that followed, however, as the passions of that era have cooled, historians have taken another, dispassionate look at the events of
Stalin's commitment at Yalta to allow free elections in Eastern Europe was quickly broken. The containment policy and the Truman Doctrine. George Kennan, a State Department official stationed in Moscow, developed a strategy for dealing with the Soviet Union in the postwar years.
In a lengthy telegram to Washington in Februaryhe outlined what became known as the containment policy. Kennan argued that while the USSR was determined to extend its influence around the world, its leaders were cautious and did not take risks.
Faced with determined opposition from the United States, for exampleKennan postulated that the Soviet Union would back down. The policy was concerned with future Soviet expansion and accepted, in effect, Russian control over Eastern Europe. An early test of containment came in Greece and Turkey.
At the same time, the Soviet Union was pressuring Turkey to allow it to build naval bases on its northwestern coast, thereby giving the Soviet Black Sea Fleet easy access to the Mediterranean. When Great Britain announced it no longer had the resources to help the two countries meet the threats to their independence, the United States stepped in.
This policy, known as the Truman Doctrine, appeared to work: The Marshall Plan and the Berlin airlift. Two years after the end of World War II, much of Europe still lay in shambles; European countries struggled to rebuild their devastated infrastructures, and the continuing hardships people faced contributed to the growing electoral strength of the Communist parties in France and Italy.
The United States recognized that bolstering the economies of the European states would not only undercut Communist influence but would also provide markets for American goods. Consequently, Secretary of State George C.
Marshall announced a massive commitment of financial assistance to Europe in June The first direct confrontation between Russia and the West came over Germany.
InBritain, France, and the United States began to merge their zones of occupation into a unified state. The Soviet Union responded by blocking all access to Berlin in June With the blockade, Stalin hoped to force the Western powers to either relinquish Berlin to the Communists or end the plan to unify West Germany.
Truman avoided a direct confrontation with the USSR by ordering a massive airlift of supplies to the two million residents of West Berlin. For almost a year, British and American planes landed around the clock at Tempelhof Airport and unloaded food, clothing, and coal.The Berlin Wall fell after 28 years of separating communist East Germany from West Berlin.
Learn more about the story of this iconic Cold War symbol. The Cold War period of – began with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev as leader of the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev was a revolutionary leader for the USSR, as he was the first to promote liberalization of the political landscape (Glasnost) and capitalist elements into the economy (Perestroika); prior to this, the USSR had been strictly. Start studying The Rise of the Cold War, TREATIES AND BLOCS, TRUMAN'S FAIR DEAL, The Baby Boom.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. And it was this competition that gave rise to the Cold War.
Thirdly, a significant stage in the Cold War was the announcement of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan by the USA. These two announcements aimed at the recovery of Europe from the disasters of the Second World War.
How did the outcome of WWII contribute to the rise of the Cold War? The U.S and Soviet Union emerged as a superpower with large armies and different ideologies. Most of Eastern Europe in the 's belonged to the. How did the outcome of WWII contribute to the rise of the Cold War?
The U.S and Soviet Union emerged as a superpower with large armies and different ideologies. Most of Eastern Europe in the 's belonged to the.