We do not realize how easy it is for a person to fall into poverty:
Describe the assumptions of the functionalist and conflict views of stratification and of poverty. Explain the focus of symbolic interactionist work on poverty.
Understand the difference between the individualist and structural explanations of poverty. Why does poverty exist, and why and how do poor people end up being poor? The sociological perspectives introduced in Chapter 1 "Understanding Social Problems" provide some possible answers to these questions through their attempt to explain why American society is stratified—that is, why it has a range of wealth ranging from the extremely wealthy to the extremely poor.
We review what these perspectives say generally about social stratification Rankings of people based on wealth and other resources a society values.
In general, the functionalist perspective and conflict perspective both try to explain why social stratification exists and endures, while the symbolic interactionist perspective discusses the differences that stratification produces for everyday interaction.
For this reason, stratification is necessary and inevitable. Conflict theory Stratification results from lack of opportunity and from discrimination and prejudice against the poor, women, and people of color. It is neither necessary nor inevitable.
In line with this view, functionalist theorists in sociology assume that stratification exists because it also serves important functions for society. Some principles of stratification.
American Sociological Review, 10, — When applied to American society, their assumptions would be as follows: Some jobs are more important than other jobs.
For example, the job of a brain surgeon is more important than the job of shoe shining. Some jobs require more skills and knowledge than other jobs.
To stay with our example, it takes more skills and knowledge to perform brain surgery than to shine shoes. Relatively few people have the ability to acquire the skills and knowledge that are needed to do these important, highly skilled jobs.
Most of us would be able to do a decent job of shining shoes, but very few of us would be able to become brain surgeons. To encourage the people with the skills and knowledge to do the important, highly skilled jobs, society must promise them higher incomes or other rewards.
This example is very hypothetical, but please keep reading.Symbolic interaction theory, or symbolic interactionism, is one of the most important perspectives in the field of sociology, providing a key theoretical foundation for much of the research conducted by sociologists.
The central principle of the interactionist perspective is that the meaning we. Sep 27, · Symbolic interactionism is a micro-sociological theory. A symbolic interactionist focuses on the way people react to eachother based on external cues.
For example, if someone is wearing a priest's collar, before even speaking to him, you will probably assume he's a priest and treat him differently than your casual leslutinsduphoenix.com: Resolved.
The symbolic interactionist perspective of work and unemployment is most likely to be concerned with explaining Relative Poverty ____ poverty refers to a deficiency of material and economic resources compared with some other population.
Symbolic interaction theory, or symbolic interactionism, is one of the most important perspectives in the field of sociology, providing a key theoretical foundation for much of the research conducted by leslutinsduphoenix.com central principle of the interactionist perspective is that the meaning we derive from and attribute to the world around us is a social construction produced by everyday social.
Functionalist and Symbolic Interactionist Functionalist and Symbolic Interactionist SO Sociology Functionalist, also known as structural functionalism because of its views on the ways social structures accompanies social needs.
In perspective, functionalism structures social influences by what is visible and in demand now. Sep 27, · For the best answers, search on this site leslutinsduphoenix.com Symbolic interactionism is a micro-sociological theory. A symbolic interactionist focuses on the way people react to eachother based on external leslutinsduphoenix.com: Resolved.