When it was launched in the later eighteenth century, The Gothic featured accounts of terrifying experiences in ancient castles — experiences connected with subterranean dungeons, secret passageways, flickering lamps, screams, moans, bloody hands, ghosts, graveyards, and the rest. By extension, it came to designate the macabre, mysterious, fantastic, supernatural, and, again, the terrifying, especially the pleasurably terrifying, in literature more generally. The Gothic revival, which appeared in English gardens and architecture before it got into literature, was the work of a handful of visionaries, the most important of whom was Horace Walpole —novelist, letter writer, and son of the prime minister Sir Robert Walpole. In the s Horace Walpole purchased Strawberry Hill, an estate on the Thames near London, and set about remodeling it in what he called "Gothick" style, adding towers, turrets, battlements, arched doors, windows, and ornaments of every description, creating a kind of spurious medieval architecture that survives today mainly in churches, military academies, and university buildings.
Literature The gothic style originated in Europe during the 12th to the 18th century. It applied to medieval styles of art and architecture, particularly buildings such as cathedrals Gothic essays other churches. From this novel, gothic fiction developed and flourished, becoming a significant literary genre that inspired famous works such as Frankenstein, Dracula and Dr.
We will write a custom essay sample on Gothic Literature or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER Gothic texts share the central theme of horror, and incorporate elements of romanticism to create a dark, mysterious atmosphere and evoke feelings of fear Gothic essays the reader.
Gothic literature is, in essence, a genre which aims to create vivid moods and appeal to human emotions.
It uses sensory language to create an atmosphere of foreboding and horror in order to create a feeling of terror. An important aspect of gothic texts is the heightened passion and sensibilities combined with an element of melodrama, a characteristic of the genre which renders it susceptible to parody and satire.
The setting and characters are pivotal features in gothic literature and are used to reinforce the gothic theme whilst building suspense and intriguing the reader. The setting of gothic literature is a stereotype perpetuated within all texts of the genre.
A typical gothic tale will be set in a place with a dark, sinister mood and a menacing feel.
An old castle especially ruined or haunted, with secret passageways, labyrinths, crypts and dungeons, is a major convention of the gothic genre.
The building is usually decrepit, and can have winding staircases, dark corridors and spooky attics. To increase the eerie feel of the setting, the light in the castle or ruins is often dim and flickering, with creepy shadows on the wall, or sources of light suddenly extinguishing.
The setting of a gothic novel is a key aspect in creating the atmosphere of the text and arousing fear, two of the most important features of the genre.
Weather is also significant in literature. It enhances the mood through use of violent storms, with thunder, lightening and torrential rain becoming a physical representation of the terror inflicting the characters in the novel.
Mist and fog can generate a forbidding ambience and increase the tension. The gothic genre is abundant with stereotypical characters, including the human, the supernatural and the monstrous. The characters are often isolated and trapped, either physically or psychologically.
There can also be a villain, who persecutes the lead characters and can intimidate the weak female through his power. Supernatural characters are prominent in gothic literature, and can include ghosts, vampires and magicians. Monsters such as werewolves and Frankenstein also feature in these novels.
The choice of characters is essential to gothic texts as they develop the mystery, and create fear through the use of dangerous, inhuman creatures. Along with the archetypal characters and sinister settings of the genre, it is further characterized by distinctively gothic situations and themes.
More than likely, a gothic novel will entail death and decay, in graphic detail, the entrapment and isolation of the protagonist, a character afflicted by madness in an attic, supernatural events, such as ghost sightings and skeletons, omens or visions, and a terrifying series of events that demonstrate the characteristics of the macabre.
The elements that embody gothic literature are demonstrated in the poem by Edgar Allen Poe.
It involves literary techniques such as rhyme and rhythm, sensory language and repetition. The meter of the poem is mainly trochaic octometer, meaning each second syllable is stressed. Each stanza runs at a fast rate, and this combined with the frequent rhyming creates a building tension within the poem and increases the atmosphere of dread.
The language of the Raven is archaic and sensory, evoking a melancholy mood. This word adds to the sinister character of the raven, giving it an evil and foreboding persona. The repetition emphasizes the distress of the narrator. Poe generates a feeling of dread and menace in this poem, along with an element of the grotesque.
These are key factors in how this poem fits into the gothic genre. Gothic literature is a genre that shows the attitudes of the time, with the popularity of romanticism and Walpoles novel. The gothic revival of architecture was popular at the time, and it made sense for literature to follow suit.Gothic structures, with their abundant carvings, crevices, and shadows, can conjure an aura of mystery and darkness and often served as appropriate settings .
Gothic architecture is the zenith of European medieval architecture. No matter the engineering technologies or the means of artistic expression both achieved an unprecedented level, and hence came the golden time of European religious architecture.
ESSAYS. MONSTERS Due date: Monday 9 th September. EITHER: With detailed reference to particular passages in the novel, discuss the operation of either Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde or The Hound of the Baskervilles as a Gothic text. How does its treatment of Gothic themes and elements reflect specifically Victorian concerns? Gothic Elements in Frankenstein - Frankenstein is a well know gothic story that is still popular today and will be for decades to come.
“Mary Shelly’s novel Frankenstein has inspired an almost uncountable number of film adaptations, many of which have in turn spawned their own sequels, series, spin-offs, mega-franchises, and finally par- odies” (Miller).
essay on gothic literature essays Gothic literature can be defined as a literature that uses, as its main driving force, a combination of the supernatural, the grotesque, and the absurd in .
Mar 15, · Words: Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Relationship of "The Old English Baron" and "Vathek" to 18th Century English Gothic Fiction The rise of Gothic fiction in English literature coincided with the advent of the Romantic Era at the end of the 18th century and beginning of the 19th century.