But he also warned that if the slave states seceded from the Union they would forfeit the constitutional protection of slavery, including any claim to the recovery of their fugitive slave. The American Civil War began in April,and by the end of May the Lincoln administration approved a policy of not returning fugitive slaves who came within Union lines from disloyal states. Such slaves were deemed "contraband of war," or "contrabands. By the end of the year thousands of slaves were being emancipated.
Table of Contents Brief Overview Abraham Lincoln was born in rural Kentucky into parents of low social standing and little education. During his childhood and early youth, the family would move several times, first to Indiana and later to Illinois. Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks, died when Lincoln was still a boy, and the next year his father, Thomas remarried to Sarah Bush Johnston, who helped raise the young Lincoln.
Lincoln got his start in life after a pair of flatboat journeys to New Orleans. Soon afterward, he moved to New Salem, Illinois and set up as a store clerk there. When the Black Hawk War broke out inhe became the captain of his volunteer company, serving for three months but seeing no active duty.
Lincoln's first bid for elected office came in that same year, when he ran unsuccessfully for the Illinois state legislature. Two years later, he ran again and was victorious, becoming a fixture of the Whig party in the General Assembly for the next eight years.
At the same time, Lincoln's law career began to flourish. He was admitted to the bar inand moved to Springfield, the new state capital, later that same year. Lincoln married Mary Todd in The couple had four sons together, two of whom would die tragically while still children. Then, inLincoln was elected to U.
Congress, and moved to Washington to serve out his term, where he spoke out against the Mexican War and unsuccessfully attempted to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.
InLincoln returned to Springfield to resume his career as a lawyer and devote more time to his family. His political life seemed to be over. But when the slavery question heated up in the middle s, Lincoln took to the stump again, running unsuccessfully for Senate in and Despite these losses, Lincoln gained national exposure due to his flair for oration.
Such talent was especially evident during the series of debates he engaged in against Stephen Douglas during the campaign ofwhen Lincoln established himself as a leading opponent of popular sovereignty.
A combination of luck, manipulation, and talent won Lincoln the Republican nomination for president in An especially fragmented race, featuring four major candidates, resulted in a victory for Lincoln despite the fact that he won less than 40 percent of the popular vote.
With an avowed opponent of slavery having gained the nation's top office, several southern states began to consider the prospect of secession.
An initial wave of secession led by South Carolina brought about the establishment of the Confederate States of America, a self-declared independent nation apart from the United States of America.
When Lincoln called for a sizeable militia to quash the rebellion, several more states, led by Virginia, also seceded. While Lincoln insisted that the Civil War was being fought to preserve the Union, the fate of slavery also played a major role. Lincoln took an overpowering role as commander-in-chief in a time of war.
Controversially, he suspended several rights as defined by the Constitution and expanded the powers of both the executive and the federal government considerably. In addition, Lincoln signed several significant pieces of legislation into law, including policies relating to currency, homesteaders, railroads, and taxes.
Today, many view Lincoln's most significant action as president to be his Emancipation Proclamation of January 1,which paved the way for the Thirteenth Amendment and the abolishment of slavery in the United States.+ free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Life. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, , in Hodgenville, Kentucky, United leslutinsduphoenix.com parents were Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks.
His family . A Short Biography of Abraham Lincoln by Gordon Leidner of Great American History. Lincoln was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky on Feb 12, Raised by poor parents, he received less than a year of formal education by the time he reached the age of Abraham Lincoln was born in rural Kentucky in , to parents of low social standing and little education.
During his childhood and early youth, the family would move several times, first to Indiana and later to Illinois.
Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks, died when Lincoln was still a boy, and the. Abraham Lincoln [James M. McPherson] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Best-selling author James M. McPherson follows the son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks from his early years in Kentucky.
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